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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Stephen Hester" <>
Date: Thu, 8 Aug 2013 03:08:15 +0300 (EEST)

P O Box 10720
217 Strand
London WC2R 1AP

My Dear,

I Have a very important request that make me to contact you;I am Stephen
Hester, I found Your profile very interesting and decided to reach you
directly to solicit your assistance and Guidelines in making a business
investment and transfer of (£75.5M GBP) to your country within the
Next few days. I presently work as a Group Chief Executive of Royal Bank
of Scotland, London.

But at this moment, I am constrained to issue more details about this
profitable Business investment until I get your response by mail. Please
take out a moment of your very busy Schedule today to respond back if you
are interested; please
send your direct telephone numbers through this
email( for an initial confidential communication. I
wish for utmost confidentiality in handling this transaction.

Awaiting your reply,

Best Regards
Mr Stephen Hester
Group Chief Executive
Royal Bank Of Scotland

Anti-fraud resources: