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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Fletcher" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 8 Aug 2013 13:16:21 -0700
Subject: Can You Do This


I wish to introduce you to a transaction that would be of immense benefit to both of us.
Being an executor of wills, it is possible that we may be tempted to make fortune out of
our client's situations, when we cannot help it, or left with no better option.

The issue I am presenting to you is a case of my client who willed a fortune to his
next-of-kin. It was most unfortunate that he and his next-of-kin died on the same day in
an auto-crash few years ago. I am now faced with indecision about who to pass the
fortune to.

However I wouldn't want the fund to be returned back to government treasury as unclaimed
money or the greedy directors of the bank will share the funds among themselves. I
therefore seek for your assistance in presenting you as next of Kin to the deceased so
that you can inherit funds worth millions of dollars for our sharing.
I await your swift response.

James Fletcher

Anti-fraud resources: