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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. John Chan C.C" <>
Date: Tue, 04 Jul 2006 03:34:06 +0200
Subject: Attention

Dear Friend, Thanks for your attention to my mail. I am Dr. John Chan C.C a=
South Korean Republic and a Director of Hang Seng Bank Ltd from the Office=
of the International Remittance Department. I have a mutual benefit propos=
ition funds I want to transfer to your private bank account in your country=
from my bank in Hong Kong your consideration and acceptance which requires=
trust and confidentiality. Please if it interested to you to help me recei=
ve these funds confidential to your account, reply me to this my private Em=
ail: ( for more details. Thanks. Dr. John Chan C.C

Anti-fraud resources: