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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Rick E. Towers" <>
Date: Thu, 8 Aug 2013 11:30:00 +0200
Subject: Ref Number:GNL/0211ELOT-203


*Ref Number:GNL/0211ELOT-203
*Winning E-ticket Number: ERP-45188
*Winning Amount : $2,500,000.00.USD (Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand

Dear Selected Winner,

We are pleased to inform you of the EMAIL REWARD PROGRAM for Internet
users. Your email address was the star pick from the automated ballot
system and by virtue of this pick, you are entitled to receive the grand
reward of Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand Dollars.

This is a reward program for the patronage of Internet services and all
email addresses entered for the promotional draws were randomly selected
from an internet resource database of registered software and domain
users. This promotional draw is conducted in the united kingdom, but email
entries were drawn on a global basis.

For instructions to receive this amount, you should establish contact with
the Claim Officer using details stated below:

Name:David Grotte

You are required to directly contact Mr.David Grotte and furnish him with
the following information;
Cell Phone:
Alternative Email:
Ref Number and E-ticket number:

NOTE: It's important you initiate correspondence with David Grotte
immediately for guidance to receive the allotted sum.

Rick E. Towers,
Promotions Coordinato

Anti-fraud resources: