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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Wu Liang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 8 Aug 2013 13:03:43 +0330
Subject: For Your Attention:

Business Enquiry.

Dear Friend,

I am Mr.Wu Liang, from Hong Kong. I bring you a business proposal in the tune of Twelve Million United States Dollars Only.($12.000.000 USD) to be transferred to an offshore account with your assistance acting as beneficiary to the Inheritance funds. Everything about this transaction shall be legally done without any problem. If you are interested in partaking in this transaction.Please mail back through my private email address below.

By indicating your interest, I shall send you the full details on how the business will be executed.

Private Email:


Wu Liang

Anti-fraud resources: