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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Thu, 08 Aug 2013 18:18:41 +0400

>From Mrs Rose Lofer(
My Dearest ,
I am the above named person. I am married to Mr. Odman Lofer who before his death was a wealthy cocoa Merchant here in Benin. We were married for 26 years without a child.
My Husband left the sum of US$3,800,000.00 million United States Dollars in a fix/suspense account in one of the prime bank here in Benin . Recently, my Doctor told me that I would not exceed more than five more months due to cancer problem. The one that disturbs me most is my blood pressure sickness. Having known my condition I decided to seek for your kind assistance to transfer this fund into your account and you will use it to train my adopted daughter who is 16yrs. You will take her as your God child and bring her up in a good and decent manner with what my late husband left behind.
I took this decision to contact you because of my condition and for the facts that my husband relatives wants to size everything and throw my adopted daughter out of the inheritance.So I want to use this little time I have to achieve this arm before joining my ancestors.
All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us seeing this deal through. Please indicate your interest and willingness in this transaction by writing back to me urgently and providing me the following information to enable us proceed.
FULL NAMES: ____________________________________
GENDER: ________________________________________
DATE OF BIRTH:___________________________________
COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE:__________________________
HOME ADDRESS:__________________________________
OFFICE ADDRESS:________________________________
I want your maximum cooperation and keep this confidential for security reasons.I am sincerely waiting for your kind and urgent response as soon as you receive this mail.
Thanks and God bless you.
Sincerely Yours
Mrs Rose Lofer. (

Anti-fraud resources: