fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: ATM MASTER CARD PAYMENT OFFICE <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 21 Aug 2013 21:25:57 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Your Overdue Compensation Payment
Urgent Attention For Your Overdue Compensate Fund.
REV.DR.BOLO SMITH, from office of ATM Swift Card Department (UBA-BANK PLC) We
knew is very difficult for you to understand because you have been long time
waiting for your ATM Card all the time yet things didnât work out to your
expectation but you have to understand that your file has not gotten to this
office, then Beside most CARDS are being sent through African and after much
investigation it was resulted that 95% of the ATM CARD was not Good which is
the reason the card could not being use. To this effect, the appropriate
authorities (Economic Community of West African States of African and American
Government) has decided not to deliver CARD to foreign clients through African
anymore due to a lot of complains that beneficiaries are not receiving their
payment after fees has been paid.
Get back to us with your full contact infor. as your $4.8M has been approved by
(email@example.com) +22968809036 / 0022968809036