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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Joy Lee IMF" <>
Date: Sat, 21 Sep 2013 12:34:28 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: PAYMENT

This is to inform you that your compensation payment USD$8.5 approved
by IMF/FBI has been converted into certified cheques and registered
with IC express for urgent delivery to you, what they need from you now
is your full details, this is their Contact info

IC express
Rev. Maxwell Landry
Tel: +229-99791580

Mrs. Joy Lee IMF

Anti-fraud resources: