fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "demurrage fee" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "demurrage " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "trunk box" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Christian Anekwe" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 26 Sep 2013 06:35:19 -0700
Subject: SHIPMENT CODE: GM0081.MAXY
This is to let you know that I've been waiting and no response was heard from you, so I converted the check for $ 800,000:00 (eight hundred thousand United States
Only) in cash with the help of Zenith International Bank Director, Dennis Zoro and dollars deposited as consignment trunk box to the Federal Inland
Security Company because of my trip to London for the investment project and will not return until the end of December 2013. So I want you to contact
the Federal Inland Security Company to know when they will be delivering your consignment trunk box.
Meanwhile, I pay the insurance and delivery charges, the only fee you have to pay for the department security company, where the box where kept is the monthly demurrage fee which the box accumulated since the date of the deposit.
Contact: Dr. Charles Okoye
Manager, Federal Inland Security Company
Address: 23/24 Badagry express way Lagos Nigeria
Try to contact them as soon as possible to avoid increasing the rate of demurrage and try to re-confirm your delivery address to them again to avoid errors in
delivery of your fund.
Finally indicate this code when contacting them below: -
CODE OF SHIPMENT: GM0081.
SOCIAL IN PACKAGE CODE: XGT442.
SECURITY CODE: SCTC/2001FISC/567.
RECEIPT OF DEPOSIT NO: 092 755 478.
This will identify that you are the owner of the box two trunk consignment deposited in your company. Please for secuity reasons do let me know once you receive your the box. You can reach me now this number: +44 70457 69409 for more information.
Thanks and Remain bless,