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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Stephen Bakken" <>
Date: Mon, 28 Oct 2013 13:55:31 -0430 (VET)

Good Day,

We have concluded to effect your payment of $1.5MUSD, through western union, but the maximum amount you will be receiving each day starting from today is $5000.00USD daily until the funds is completely transferred.Kindly Contact Mr Moses Uboga,TEL: +229 68 51 65 48 E-mail:(

Mr Moses Uboga, sent $5000.00USD in your name today so contact him as soon as you receive this email and tell him to give you the Mtcn and sender's name to pick the $5000.00USD.Send to him your full name and address to avoid mistake.

Thank you.
Mr Stephen Bakken

Anti-fraud resources: