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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Nora Qattara <>
Date: Thu, 07 Nov 2013 17:45:27 +0100
Subject: Please I really need you to stand as my Guardian.

Please I really need you to stand as my Guardian.
I am Miss Nora Qattara. I am contacting you because i needed your help
the management of a sum of fund that my late father Mr. Johnson Qattara.
Left for me before he died.

The fund is deposited in one of the finical house ($8.5 million u.s
). I will offer you 25% of the total amount for helping me to transfer
fund into your account. I want you to stand as my guardian and appointed
beneficiary and the fund will be transfer into your account in your
Since i am only 20 year old age and without mother and father.

Please i will like you to reply to this email so that i will tell you
the information details, on how you will help me here is my private
where you will reply me for more information. I am waiting for your
reply.Thanks and god bless you and your family.

Your sincerely,
Miss Nora Qattara.

Anti-fraud resources: