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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JAMES MODENI" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 9 Nov 2013 19:04:30 +0100
Subject: Greetings Sir/Madam

J&M Investment Company Ltd
Kingdom Tower,
Floor 66 P.O.Box 1
London 11321

Dear Sir/Madam.

In line with the recent international foray for profitable investment

haven across the globe, I seek this medium to increase my global and

domestic alliances via various services Including Mortgage Banking,

Micro Financing, Real Estate Business and a host of other profitable


If you think you
are good in any of the mentioned business sector.

Kindly contact me
for possible business co-operation.

Best Regards
James Modeni

Anti-fraud resources: