fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. David Newman." (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 8 Nov 2013 11:59:04 -0800
Subject: INVESTIGATION AND DEBT SETTLEMENT COMMITTEE
Based on our investigation of your payment, we want to find out if you're still alive or dead? Did you sign any deed of
assignment with (Mrs. Grace Jackson.) to receive your fund, Reply to us with information below:
Your Full Names:
Your Home And Office Address:
Your Home/Office Phone And Cell Mobile phone:
Your Occupation/ Company Name And Address:
The Nearest Airport to Your Country A Copy Of Your Identity:
Your Bank Coordinates - (Required Information)
City; State & Country:
Passport : No.
Country of Origin:
This is because $5.6 Million has been approved in your favor for payment so get the above information to us fast and
unfailingly today or your fund will be released to Mrs. Grace Jackson.
Call me as soon as you receive this email +2348033880365
Mr. David Newman.
Chairman, Investigation And Debt Settlement Committee