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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.TERRY MARK" <>
Date: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 11:48:34 +0100 (CET)
Subject: re;

This is very urgent from Western Union, our Operation manager has sent
your 1st payment of $5000.00 out of your total amount of $2.5million
dollar and we needed this from you to complete the transfer, You’ re
Name,Address, ID CARD and Telephone No: Noted That Only Fee Request
from You Is for Reactivate transfer Files Of $95 no more fee after
that. Contact Agent Emeka Godwin Email(
+229 68353361 Thanks Dr. Samuel Timothy

Anti-fraud resources: