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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sheikh Ahmad Moaz al-Khatib" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 2013 02:29:24 -0600
Subject: Urgently Messagee

Dear Friend,

My name is Sheikh Ahmad Moaz al-Khatib from Syria, the former leader of the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces.
I have a very serious problem that need an urgent attention which I believe you can urgently solve for me, it does not require you to make any trip.

I have some huge sum of money in overseas, that I want you to handle and receive for me because of my current state of affairs.
This is totally lawful.

The funds will be legitimately transfer into your bank account through bank wire transfer, there is no single risk involves,
it will take (7) seven bank working days to receive the funds in your bank account and there is no delay in the process. I will reward you.

Urgently reply to permit me to give you further details of the funds and the bank location.
If you have any suggestions do not hesitate to let me know by return e-mail:-

Reply immediately.

Warm regards,

Sheikh Ahmad Moaz al-Khatib

Anti-fraud resources: