fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Min Jun Lee <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 04 Dec 2013 20:13:35 +0100
Subject: Investment partnership
I am the foreign operations director of the Bank
of Korea. My name is Min Ju Lee. I have a
sensitive and private offer from the top executive
to seek your partnership in re-profiling some
offshore investment funds worth 11.5M U.S.D
(Eleven Million five hundred thousand United
States Dollars) I am constrained however to
withhold most of the details for now. This is a
legitimate transaction. If we agree on the terms
you will be given 15% of the total funds, If you
are interested please write back via email
Providing me your personal details and phone
number for further directives. If you are
interested and willing to render your assistance
please respond via my private email address stated
I look forward to your response.
Min Ju Lee