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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Janet Napolitano" <>
Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2013 09:31:00 +0100 (CET)
Subject: From Homeland Security About your $10M

I, Mrs. Janet N. Director US Homeland Security is hereby announcing to you that
your $10M was received at JFK airport since and every necessary fees/charges
has been paid by sender except $75 for CCC,but a Lady Mrs. Kren Frison came
forward claimed you sent her to claim your $10M, is it true?Did you order him
to pay $75 for (CCC)? Also be informed that we came to an agreement with the U.
S Custom Authority at (JFK) John F. Kennedy Int'l Airport NYC that you will
send $75 latest tomorrow morning. NOTE: Receiver: Lowrence Agbudu Obalimu,
Country-Benin Republic, Question-AZ, Answer- AZ. Thanks. Mrs.Janet Napolitano

Anti-fraud resources: