fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "liberia" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "lome togo" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "firstname.lastname@example.org" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2013 09:45:06 +0100 (CET)
Subject: Business Inquiry.
I got your mail through my personal search in Internet to locate a Nigeria who
will assist us to make a business inquiry in Nigeria.
I am Rev. Henry Walter the project director of Belvic Industrial Co, UK based
in Burkina Faso Tel: +22677547550 and We want to come to Nigeria in search of
raw material named Opal but we have not been to Nigeria for the first time and
we were advised that we should look for a local Representative or Agent who
will assist us to make inquiry of the product before we start coming into
Nigeria to avoid falling into a wrong hand, then when we placed our advert on
internet, we got reply from Lome Togo that Nigeria is highly blessed with
mineral resources, that there is a dealer of the raw material in Nigeria.
They said that the name of the company (Co-operative mining Nig Ltd) that deal
with the product in Nigeria is called Engr Daniel Odoh with Tel: 08116469446.
We would like you to call the Engr on behalf of my company to know if they
have the raw material OPAL and if the inquiry is true place order of 1,000
units for us, ascertain the price they sell in your country and try to know
their location so that if the inquiry is through we can then discuss your
commission and how we are going to come into Nigeria through your direction.
Pls we formally buy this product from Liberia at the rate of $1600 USD per
unit try to ask them the price in dollar and don't let them know that you have
Foreign interest to avoid price inflation. Try to call me when you are through.
Please reply through: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rev. Henry Walter (Project Director)