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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "henry essian oboh" <>
Date: Thu, 05 Dec 2013 01:44:06 -0800
Subject: nvitation to tender for the supply of hospital equipment to the (crbda)

Attn,Managing Director/CEO

Dear Sir,

I have the mandate from Cross river basin development
(CRBDA).in conjunction with Nigeria Tender Board to present
tender for
procurement of hospital equipment,
I observe you are builders and manufacturer of hospital
Should you be interested for this tender get back to me with
brochure s Price Quotation for details
I am waiting for your valued response, very urgent via
Best regards,
henry essian oboh.

Anti-fraud resources: