fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Robert Nelson" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2013 10:56:51 +0100
Subject: INVESTMENT PROPOSAL
I initiated this contact with you as a private one. I am a managing partner with a consulting firm here in the UK, One of my clients contracted me to link him with a reliable foreign partner through whom he can develop a possible business portfolio.my client is a high profile figure who will not want his identity to be exposed on the process of the transaction, that is the reason we are soliciting for a collaborating partner whom we can use for the trust, there is an impending fund for this purpose contact,the said fund belongs to a high profile family, whom for security reasons cannot handle the investments by themselves, this has prompted us to seek for your partnership. Details of the arrangement will be given upon receiving your nod.
You can reach me on my private email: firstname.lastname@example.org