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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2013 19:55:59 +0530

Dear Sir/Madam
Are you in debts or Do you need loan to start up a business or do you need christmas loan? We give out all types of loans from $3,000.00 to $100,000,000.00 at 3%, Just address your email to Mr. Bernard Shaffer ( with the following information:

1: Names:...
2: Country....
3: Loan Amount:....
4: Loan Duration....
5: Phone Number:....
6: Monthly Income:......
7: State:.......

Note:All reply should be forwarded only to for immediate attention.

Contact us now and get an urgent loan within two (2) days!!!

Bernard Shaffer.

Anti-fraud resources: