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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Usman Gambo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 13 Dec 2013 15:01:59 -0800
Subject: Investment from Mr Usman Gambo-Good News

Dear Sir
This is to let you know the good news I have for you that the Financial Consultant will be handling the funds transfer to your designated bank.
Please let me know if you can be able to handle $50M United States Dollars and go into investment in your country when you finally receive the funds with you?
Please I am waiting for your urgent attention so that we can proceed immediately.
I await your reply,
Yours faithfully,
Usman Gambo

Anti-fraud resources: