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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 13 Dec 2013 16:50:00 +0000

Compliment of the day. Firstly, I must solicit your confidence in this transaction; this is by virtue of its nature as being utterly confidential and top secret. Though I know that a transaction of this magnitude will make any one apprehensive and worried, but I am assuring you that all will be well.
Let me start by introducing myself. My name is Attorney ?SCAR JUAN LUCIO a personal attorney to Late Ms. CASILDA MANOLITA ……. , herein referred to as my late client. This email might come as a surprise to you, since there was no previous correspondence between us. My purpose of writing  you is for you to help secure the funds that was left behind by my late client, to avoid it being confiscated or declared unserviceable by the Spanish bank where this fund valued ?5.700,000.00 (Five Million seven  hundred thousand Euros) was deposited by my client before her death.
The Bank has issued me a notice to present the next of kin or the account will be declared unserviceable and the fund diverted to the Bank treasury.  So far all my efforts to get hold of someone related to her have proved abortive. I am actually asking for your consent to present you to the Bank as the Next of Kin/beneficiary of my late client's fund, so that the proceeds of this account can be paid to you.
I shall provide all the legal documents to back up the claim as my client's Next of Kin. All I require is your honest cooperation and commitments to enable us achieve this transaction. I wish to point out that I want 10% of this money to be shared among charity Organizations, while the remaining 90% would be shared equally between us. This transaction is entirely risk free. I will use my position as the client’s attorney to guarantee the successful execution of this transaction.
Upon receipt of your response via email, I will provide you with details and relevant documents that will help you understand this transaction. e-mail me at
I wait for your favorable swift response, Thank you.
Attorney Oscar Juan Lucio

Anti-fraud resources: