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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ste Dinky link SL <>
Date: Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:06:33 +0100
Subject: Reply for cooperations.

Dear sir/Madam,
Thank you for the recommendations from the Trade Directory Benin
Republic via commercial search.
we are ready to start up a business coperations with you. to start with we
could like you to confirm if you will be willing to export to us in africa
if yes confirm to us the products which you can be able to supply to us
as there are high demand of products in Benin republic and within we are interested to buy and
work with you on your ready products/list etc for new 2014 year sales.etc
could you be kind to give us the price list of the avaible items as to
meet back our strong buyers. we have stand by buyers for this items. reply
us via or we await for
your reply asap with the prices and packings etc.
best regards.
Kalus Emmanuel-
220 Missebo.
01 bp 4483 central post.
Tel +22997629155.
Benin republique.

Anti-fraud resources: