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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: South African <>
Date: Fri, 13 Dec 2013 23:58:27 -0800


Take note that the Nigerian Government entered into a mutual agreement with the
South African Government that your fund valued at $10 Million be transferred to
you directly from South Africa here due to the lapses in the Nigeria Government
and its failed state so we advise you to state your banking details for the transfer
to be carried out in your behalf this morning from here in South Africa. You can call me for more details +27748116220

Thank you

Mr E L Kganyago

Deputy Governor

South African Reserve Bank, Paying Canter

Anti-fraud resources: