fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "inheritance funds" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA PLC" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 8 Dec 2013 07:35:02 +0100
Subject: CALL +2347046055953 TO CONFIRM YOUR OPTION
UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA PLC.
HEAD OFFICE: U. B. A. HOUSE,
57, MARINA STREET, VICTORIA ISLAND
P. O. BOX 2406, LAGOS- NIGERIA.
MR. PHILLIPS ODUOZA
THE GROUP MANAGING DIRECTOR/CEO,
UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA PLC,
OFFICIAL LINES: +234 17761197; +2347046055953
DIRECT FAX: +234 12270491
REF: UBA/222/XCC/MOFFICE/2013 ISIN CODE : NGUBA0000001; Legal Form: Other non-liability limited; Operational Status: Operational; OUR SWIFT CODE: UNAFNGLA
Dear Esteemed Customer,
Believing we are contacting as the rightful beneficiarynd not in error for the claim of your approved out standing contract inheritance funds we expect that you read the attached Memo carefully and treat as urgent by confirming which payment system is best option for you.
Maybe you are yet in doubt of whom I am or want to know more about Mr. Phillips Oduoza and want to be sure of whom I am in the in the United Bank for Africa Plc, please log into the bank's website: http://www.ubagroup.com/mc/bios
Mr. Phillips Oduoza (CEO)
Group Managing Director/Executive Director,
Member of Board Risk Committee,
Member of Finance & General Purpose Committee
United Bank for Africa Plc.