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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Burton Zipser" <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Fri, 3 Jan 2014 09:09:49 -0300 (ART)
Subject: UBA Bank Online Transfer of your $4.5MM

Attention PleaseThese is to let you know that your fund worth sum of $4,500,000.00 USD hasnowbeing Authorized by the Government of Benin to transfer it through OnlineBanking to your Residential Bank Account,so you are to urgently contact theUBABANK right nowBelow is the contact information of the Bank:Contact Person: Mr. Good luck MiracleE-mail: ( +229-6836-7833Mr.Burton Zipser

Anti-fraud resources: