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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Franklin White" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2014 15:33:39 -0600

>From Mr. Franklin White
Chairman Refund Payment Committee
National Assembly Abuja
Dear Beneficary
This letter is written in order to change your Life from today. Please note that this letter  came to you as a result of information received  from our monitoring network regarding so much payments which you sent through Western Union and Money Gram  to Nigeria and some other part of the World without receiving any payment to your name, further investigation reveals that you have lost hope towards receiving your payment after being deceived so many times.
Following the on going  re-branding of Nigerian image laundering  to the International Communities, the Federal Government of Nigeria have directed our committee to compensate/refund  the sum of $1,500,000 ( One Million and Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars) to you through payment by VISA ATM CARD being one of the most convenient means of receiving payment in recent times.We wish to inform you that the members of Refund Payment Committee are honorable
men of Great Repute who have served the  Government of Nigeria with integrity in different  capacities, we also wish to inform you that the Commiittee members were  appointed by our respected President to pay foreign Debt such as Contract Debt,  Inheritance/Next of Kin Debt, Compensation Debt, Lottery Debt, Purchase/Sales of Good Debt, and all  other Foreigner debt own by  Nigeria Government, in order to restore good image to international Communities.
In case you want to receive your payment this week, you are advice to reply with ANSWERS to the Questions below.
Your Full Name
Your Contact Address
Your Direct telephone. Fax Number ( if any)
Your AGE
What You Do For A Living
How Many Months Or Years  in which You Have Been Expecting your Payment
The Place you sent Money Last whether  Nigeria or London etc
The Last Amount of Money You sent to Nigeria and What Month or Year
>From Mr. Franklin White
Chairman Refund Payment Committee
National Assembly Abuja Nigeria

Anti-fraud resources: