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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.David Kwame" <> (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 05:52:15 +0600

Dear Friend,

How are you doing today, sorry for bagging into your privacy, I'm David Kwame
From West Africa. I have a business transaction proposal of $22.3 Million USA
Dollar, this fund was left in the bank by my late father who use to be a very
rich cocoa farmer please if you are interested kindly reply me back so that i
can furnish you with my information.
I wait for your Urgent Reply.
Thank you.

Warm Regards,
David Kwame

This message was sent using IMP, the Internet Messaging Program.

Anti-fraud resources: