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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mahmoud Jamal" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2014 19:53:05 -0800

Good Day,
My Name is Mahmoud Jamal , From the The Free Syrian Army the opposition group operating in Syria. My country is at war and we are all moving our money out of Syria. I want you to help me receive the money in your country for investment and amount in
question is US$20,000,000.00 ( Twenty Million US dollars) I will give you 30% of the total for your assistance. We plan to move the funds to you through Lebanon or Turkey through the UN or diplomatic means.
If you can invest the funds for us,contact me with your full name, occupation,country etc so that we can begin the whole process.
I will wait to hear from you. My private email address is:
Yours faithfully.
Mahmoud Jamal
Email Address:
For Syria

Anti-fraud resources: