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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr.Robert Orji." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 06:08:30 +0100
Subject: Dear Partner,

Dear Partner,

Please forgive me for using this means to reach you although it is not a hoax, meanwhile contact me on my private email, for more clarification. I acted as personal attorney to deceased Mr.Oleg before his death, he had and deposited, (US$12.5M) with one of the major banks here in Lome Togo, he died with his family in a car accident in 2011. Finally I want you to stand as the next of kin and beneficiary of the fund. Kindly Contact me for more details on my private email address, or you create and forward your private email to me.

Barr.Robert Orji.
Principal Attorney.

Anti-fraud resources: