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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 09:14:11 +0100 (CET)
Subject: hello Beneficiary

My name is Rev Dr Victor Christian the new director officer of Eco bank Benin Republic Plc West Africa, my dear, I want to use this opportunity to inform you that I am now the director , so I went through the scheme of work of this honourable bank and find that your name and your fund valued $4.8 million dollars was here for six months. So it amaze me so much and then I went to the office of IMF office and reported this to them to know what is their aim and they told me that bank former director Favour Okeke was the one that curse all this. reconfirm your info and your bank info to us
you are able to call me am free call this line
Eco bank director general

Anti-fraud resources: