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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Maika Bama <>
Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 13:33:50 +0100 (CET)
Subject: Good Day

here is Mr Maika Bama,An account manager to late Dr. Sanjay Krishna, a business Consultant and major sub contractor who died a long with her Family since 31 January 2000.I want to use You as next of kin to claim his Estate/Fund valued US$39,000,000.00 so that the fund will be transfer to you while both of us hare it 40% for you and 60% for me ,If i hear from you i will give you more detail.
Maika Bama

Anti-fraud resources: