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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jeff Allen <>
Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 05:07:20 -0800
Subject: Contract Supply Order.

Dear Supplier,

Please can you furnish me in full details about the standard of your products.
I am working as an accredited commission agent and I am looking for
supplier whose products is of good quality as your products are among
the needed items which will be purchase in a large quantities.

You can reach me for business opportunities for the supply of your
products. Your prompt and detailed response will be appreciated.
We will appreciate it more if you can give us with detail
specification/price lists to avoid making a wrong choice of product.

Thanks for your anticipated response

Mr. Edward Ofori.
Gormot Consulting Ghana
Phone +233 285286421
Address No. 34 Nima Street, Accra Ghana.
Email me at:

Anti-fraud resources: