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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David G Lee <>
Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 15:37:50 +0100
Subject: Compliment of the day

Compliment of the day,

I refer to the letter I posted to your address, but did not hear it
and decided to email again.

I am pleased to introduce myself, I am Mr. David G Lee a Barrister /
solicitor with Aabomah Law Firm. which is one of the reliable and
reputable law firms here in Benin Republic Territories, personal
attorney to a deceased client of mine a nationality of your country.

My client, wife and their only daughter were involved in a car
accident here in my country and lost their lives years back.

I am contacting you to assist me to repatriate Euro 8,500,000.00
because the deposited fund duration has expired and needs renewal or
withdrawal from their bank or otherwise the fund will be confiscated
and transfer over to the government treasury.

Please contact me from your private email address to this email
( for more information.

David G Lee
Aabomah Law Firm
Barristers - Solicitors & Conveyancers
Address: C/ 658 Avoturu carrefour,
Akpakpa 00229 Cotonou - Benin

Anti-fraud resources: