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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Barry Groot" <>
Date: Sun, 2 Mar 2014 10:08:58 +0100 (CET)
Subject: You have receive your funds.


How are you doing.

We have not heard from you for quite sometime, hope you are fine.

We want to inform you that you have forget to receive your funds of
$2,500,000.00 that was release to you by the BBC FINANCE DEPARTMENT,If you
are ready to receive your funds and You need to contact us to send your
Payment information to you to receive your funds.

Expecting your immediate response.

+31 61 77 446 50

Anti-fraud resources: