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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Elvis .O." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 6 Mar 2014 02:14:20 -0600

>From the desk of
Escrow Account Officer
Senate committee on foreign debt
Annex Office Zurich Switzerland

Dear creditor,

We need to confirm from you if if Habib Bank AG Zurich Switzerland has credited your account, with your over due approved payment as instructed by African Union. The African Union and Nigerian Government have instructed for an immediate transfer to all beneficiaries who has an outstanding payment to collect such as compensation payment, contract payment, inheritance and lotto winning payment should be paid through Habib Bank Zurich Switzerland.

Hence we will be obliged to confirm from you if you have received your approved sum from our corresponding bank Habib Bank AG Zurich Switzerland to enable us close your file and put our record straight.

Looking forward to receiving from you urgent response.

Yours faithfully,

Dr. Elvis Oloriode.
Escrow Account Officer
Senate committee on foreign debt
Annex Office Zurich Switzerland.

Anti-fraud resources: