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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Tain Liu" <>
Date: Fri, 7 Mar 2014 00:04:29 +1100
Subject: urgent respond needed

Dear Friend,

I am Tain Liu, an account manager in Wing Hang Bank of Hong Kong, a
licensed banks incorporated in Hong Kong,Asia. I am getting in touch with
you regarding my late client who died here in Asia without a next of kin
and an investment worth millions of dollars placed in our bank some years
ago and you bear the same last name with the deceased.Kindly get back to
me if you are interested in partnering with me on this project.

Tain Liu

Anti-fraud resources: