fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Desmond Arnold" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 30 Mar 2014 21:48:11 +0100
Subject: Supply of T-shirts
My name is Arnold Desmond. I'm the C.E.O/Owner, Jim Pex Group Nig. Ltd. We
are agent to several Ministries in Nigeria on contract basis.
Right now, we are contacting you to ascertain your position and capability
to bid for the supply of 600,000.00 pieces of T-shirt to the Ministry of
Health for the On-going AIDS Eradication campaign/program in the country.
If you can bid for this contract through me as your local agent here,
please do not hesitate to contact me immediately.
1). Color: All White
2). Sizes: L: 200,000pcs, XL: 200,000pcs, Small: 100,000pcs, Medium:
3). Type: Normal European type
4). Neck: Round Neck
5). GSM: 180
6). Price: $6.0 per T-shirt
7). Printing: No printing
8). Embroidery: No Embroidery
9). Mode of Payment: 100% upfront by T/T . 70% of total contract sum paid
to commence production after signing contract agreement and the remaining
30% to be paid after production but before shipment.
Contact person: Mr. Arnold Desmond
Cell: +234 7065414767