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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Nnenna Onuorah <>
Date: Thu, 10 Apr 2014 19:19:00 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Fund!

Attention We have concluded to effect your payment- through-western union
$4,500 daily until the$1.5million US is completely transferred to you
accordingly. Though, Director Daniel Iwu has sent $4,500.00 in your name today
so contact Western union Agent:below with your full Name, phone contact and
address Name:Daniel Iwu TEL: +229-68564523 So hasten up and give the agent a
call to process your payment at once. Ask him for the MTCN sender name and test
Question/Answer to pick up your first payment of $4,500,Once again
congratulations. Thanks From Hon Mr.John peter (IMF REPS BENIN)

Anti-fraud resources: