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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DR.JOHN BOOMA" <>
Date: Mon, 12 May 2014 15:30:59 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Attn My Dear,

Dear customer,

Your $1.5m USD which is under our custody to transfer to you is ready, now
your first payment of $5000 will
transferred to you when you have reconfirm your information to
us immediately as we directed you.
Dr.John Booma the Western Union manager ASAP.

1Your First Name..........
2Your Second Name.........
3Your Country...........
4Your City..............
Home Address:Occupation:Cell PhoneCountry:Age:
Tel: (+229-98761125
Email: ( )
Thank you.

Anti-fraud resources: