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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Monique Bishikwabo <>
Reply-To: Monique Bishikwabo <>
Date: Thu, 22 May 2014 00:20:17 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dear Friend,

Dear Friend,

I know you will be surprise to read my email, apart
from being surprise you may be sceptical to reply back to me because,
based on what is going on in the internet world, one has to be very
careful , because a lot of scam are out there to scam innocent citizen
and this has made it very difficult for human being to believe anything
that comes through the internet but this is a different case. lf you are
willing to show me your honest and trust, i think i will be able to
work with you. Am a Congolese citizen  and you should be rest assured
that i cannot be involved in scam. I am Monique Bishikwabo , a wife of a
former minister in  Democratic Republic of Congo.I am writing you to
seek your help to claim our cash of  $4.9 Million Dollars and Gold that
was deposited with a security company by my late husband Mr
Tshiumbaka  Bishikwabo, who was assassinated during this current civil

My late husband did not declared the real contact of the 02
metallic boxes to the security company officials. He only told them that
the metallic boxes is containing family valuable documents, Diamond and
gold inside the boxes. You are the only person I have sent this message
across to. I will like you to keep the secret of this fund until it
arrival your country. My late husband, Mr Tshiumbaka  Bishikwabo, a
native of Tutsis in the eastern province of DR Congo, he was a Gold and
Diamond dealer before he became a Minister and later died in the peak of
the civil war, between the rebels forces (CNDP) and the government of
Congo. I want you to help me claim the fund and transfer it into your
bank accounts in your country. To make a good arrangement for a joint
business investment on our behalf in your country and you will manage
the investment there.

May God
bless you.
Mrs Monique Bishikwabo

Anti-fraud resources: