fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "diplomatic delivery" ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Debt Management Office CBN" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 21 May 2014 22:06:04 -0700
Subject: Important Notice!!!
Sometimes i do wonder if you are really,really with your senses,how could you keep trusting people and at the end you will loose your hard earned money,or are you being deceived by their big names? They impersonate on many offices,claiming to be Governors,Directors/Chairmen of one Office or the other.
Their game plan is only just to extort your hard earned money. Now,the question is how long will you continue to be deceived? Sometimes,they will issue you fake check,fake ATM card,introduce you to fake diplomatic delivery,UN-existing on-line banking and they will also fake wire transfer of Your fund with Payment Stop Order.
Anyways,by the virtue of my position,i have been following this transaction from inception and all your efforts towards realizing the fund. More often than not,i sit down and laugh at your ignorance and that of those who claim they are assisting you,it is very unfortunate that at the end you loose. Although,i don't blame you because you are not here in Nigeria to witness the processing of your payment in Nigeria.The problem here is that you've never been told the whole truth about this transaction and it is because of this truth they decided to extort you.
The most annoying part is even fraudsters have really taken advantage of this opportunity to enrich themselves at your expense, those you feel are assisting or working for you are your main problems.
I know the truth surrounding this payment and i am the only person who will deliver you from this long suffering if you will abide by my advice.
Please i beseech you to stop pursuit of shadows and being deceived.Feel free to contact me immediately you receive this mail so that i can explain to you the modus-operandi guiding the release of your Payment. Do not panic be rest assured that this arrangement will be guided by your embassy here in Nigeria.
N/B: You are urgently requested to provide me with the following information.
Other details concerning this payment would be made known to you upon receiving feedback from you.
Dr. Fredrick Martin
DIRECTOR DEBT MANAGEMENT OFFICE (CBN)