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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: DR EVIS <>
Date: Tue, 10 Jun 2014 17:55:49 +0200
Subject: GOOD NEWS

>From Dr Evis Tombo
Geneva Switzerland.
ADDRESS rue du bern geneva
Dear sir
Good day,how are you and your family? well I know you will be surprise reading this letter. My name is Dr Evis Tombo, working as an Auditor with BCV BANK here in Switzerland. Your surname is the major reason that attracted my interest to contact you having speculated that you can join us in this huge and befitting business. I want to assure you that the business though requires contribution and commitment have no risk so even as ever loopholes has been closed up. We need your help and also are willing to give you a reasonable percentage of the fund if you accept to work with my team. I will tell you more of this if you are willing to be part of the transaction. Reply this message via my private email (
Dr Evis Tombo

Anti-fraud resources: