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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Victor Clarke" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:37:25 -0700

Dear Sir,
Re:   Business Proposal.
I got your information through a business / your Country's chamber of commerce catalogue. I am writing to you in respect of an embattled friend of mine, Mr. Bo Xilai. My name is Mr.Victor Clarke. I am a former Executive Director with the Industrial & Commercial Bank of China [London] branch, [].My private contact information is: Tel: +44 793 717 9357. Email:
My friend Mr. Bo Xilai has presented a subtle offer to me which requires the help of a financially credible partner to complete successfully. Mr. Xilai is in a difficult situation with the Chinese government and he wants the sum of US$35.5 Million currently deposited in a bonded account of a bank here in London which is a subsidiary of Industrial & Commercial Bank of China, retrieved immediately for investment placement. More so, the retrieval must be made in such a way that it must not be linked to him.
The fund is deposited in the name of an existing legal entity. Your role will be:
[1]. To retrieve the funds as the new beneficiary.
[2]. To receive the funds into your business or private bank account.
[3]. To invest and Manage the funds outside China for a minimum of 10 years and this is             renewable after the first 10 years.
[4]. All projects engaged with the US$35.5 Million would be regarded as joint venture          partnership.
[5]. Net profit from such investment would be shared by both parties at 50%-50%.
The transaction will be executed with legal documents that will grant you the beneficiary status of the funds. If you wish to partner with Mr. Xilai, respond to this email and upon my receipt of your email, I shall send you a "Consultant Non Disclosure Agreement" for you to go through and decide whether to proceed or not.
If you want to know more about Mr. Bo Xilai's current profiles, feel free to visit these sites:
I look forward to hearing from you through this email:
Yours Sincerely,
Mr. Victor Clarke,
Tel: +44 793 717 9357

Anti-fraud resources: