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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Muhammad" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 10 Jun 2014 17:35:35 -0700

How are you today? Hope all is well with you and your family. You may not understand why this mail came to you but if you do not remember me, you might have received an email from me in the past regarding a multi-million-dollar business proposal which we never concluded.
I am using this opportunity to inform you that this multi-million-dollar business has been concluded with the assistance of another partner from France who financed the transaction to a logical conclusion. I thank you for your great effort to our unfinished transfer of fund into your account due to one reason or the other best known to you. I want to inform you that I have successfully transferred the fund out of my bank to my new partner's account in France  that was capable of assisting me in this great venture. Due to your effort, sincerity, courage and trust worthiness you showed during the course of the transaction.
I want to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the sum of $800,000 Dollars I have left a BANK DRAFT  for you worth of USD800,000 Dollars cashable anywhere in the world.
My dear partner; I will like you to contact my Account Officer with Financial Bank of Burkina Faso, Mr. Ely Miguel  on his direct email address at:  for collection of your BANK DRAFT . I authorized him to release the BANK DRAFT to you whenever you ask him for it.
At the moment, I'm very busy in France  because of the investment projects, which I and the new partner are having at hand. Please I will like you to accept this token with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart, also comply with Mr. Ely Miguel  directives so that he can send the BANK DRAFT to you without any delay.
CONTACT: Mr. Ely Miguel  Accountant Financial
Bank of Burkina
Faso, Ouagadougou.
Email Address:
Therefore, you should kindly send him your FULL NAME, TELEPHONE NUMBER and your CURRENT MAILING ADDRESS where you want him to send the BANK DRAFT  to you.

Anti-fraud resources: