fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "into your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Jozi Adams" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 15 Jun 2014 16:26:21 -0500
Subject: From Jozi
My name is Ms.Jozi Adams, A banker by Profession and Currently in Finance
Auditing and Accounting Unit in my Bank, Which the name will giving to you
as soon as you respond for security reason. I get your email address in my
search for a reputable and reliable person to help me claim the sum of
USD$15.5 MILLION UNITED STATES DOLLARS, Deposited in our Bank by one of
our customer Eng. Mueller who die with his wife and two children on the
20th day of April 2008 in car clash along Aflao express road.
Since his death no one has come up as his next of kin and all our efforts
to locate any member of his immediate family has prove Abortive that was
why I decided to contacting you to present you to our bank as the next of
Kin to the deceased customer. He was drilling contractor with some Oil
Companies here in West Africa. So it will be more acceptable and wiser to
present you through paper work to the Bank for claim of the total fund.
I will give you all the necessary requirements that the bank may request
from you and follow up the transfer of the fund into your account as an
Insider. It will interest you to know that I has been keeping the account
dormant to enable my plans for the funds to come through and this is the
time I am happy to locate you for the perfection of the transfer of the
Fund into your nominated Bank Account to be given.
As soon as I get your positive response I will update you about the mode
of disbursement and I will also need to know about investing in your
Country as a way of helping your people, I suggest you get back to me as
soon as possible stating your wish in this deal.
Ms Jozi Adams