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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.David Green" <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2014 11:33:00 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Attn My Dear,

Attn My Dear,
I have registered your package with C N BANK PLC this morning
and we agreed up that the delivery of your $2.5m in ATM CARD delivery will
take place Tomorrow morning.
you information is needed
Full Name:Home Address:Occupation:Cell PhoneCountry:Age:
Contact Dr.Leonard George White
Tel: (+229-97844712 or Tel: +447 045 781 650
Email: (
Thank you
Hon David Cameron

Anti-fraud resources: