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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Christiana Steve" <>
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 2014 21:54:45 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: =?UTF-8?Q?Contact_Western_Union_Agent=E2=80=8F_Now!!!?=

Good Day;
This is to inform you that we want to start sending your winning lottery of
$1.2MUSD today and you can only be receiving $4500 two times
daily from us through your payment file,

I have made today's payment for you below is the MTCN

Sender name= Jaroslav Kundla

Re-confirm your information's your name phone number to enable us
activate the
MTCN in your name.

Contact Mr. Eric john
00229 98486934.

This is my Email( and do let me know as soon
you received
all your funds$1.2MUSD.
Thank you
Mrs. Christiana Steve

Anti-fraud resources: