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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bank Auditor" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 2014 02:18:20 -0700
Subject: bank estate

I am an external relation officer with RHB bank Singapore. Do you know that the Treasury swallow Millions of dollars every year from unclaimed estates for this reason I make contact with you privately to reconcile an estate believe to have strong link to you as the beneficiary due to your last name.
The RHB bank will transfer the estate to you only if you apply for it. The worth of the estate runs in Millions and the precise figure of the estate would be reveal to you upon your response and I will work with you to provide you all required information to enable you receive the claim.

Please reply as soon as possible.

Yours truly,

Anti-fraud resources: